Publications

Listed below are publications resulting from research in the Reducing Uncertainties in Biogeochemical Interactions through Synthesis and Computation Scientific Focus Area (RUBISCO SFA), the Biogeochemistry Feedbacks Scientific Focus Area (SFA) and the Carbon–Climate Feedbacks Projects. Research described in some of these publications also received support through other projects sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and/or other funding agencies. Project participant names are shown in bold. The following acknowledgement applies to these publications.

Acknowledgement. This research was partially or fully supported by the Reducing Uncertainties in Biogeochemical Interactions through Synthesis and Computation Scientific Focus Area (RUBISCO SFA), which is sponsored by the Regional and Global Model Analysis (RGMA) Program in the Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) in the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science.

2019

[188] Gonçalves, D. R. P., J. C. de Moraes Sá, Umakant Mishra, A. J. Fornari, F. J. F. Furlan, L. A. Ferreira, T. M. Inagaki, J. Romaniw, A. de Oliveira Ferreira, and C. Briedis. May 10, 2019. “Conservation Agriculture Based on Diversified and High-performance Production System Leads to Soil Carbon Sequestration in Subtropical Environments.” J. Clean. Prod., 219:136–147. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.263.

[187] Shiklomanov, A. N., B. A. Bradley, K. M. Dahlin, A. M. Fox, C. M. Gough, Forrest M. Hoffman, E. M. Middleton, Shawn P. Serbin, L. Smallman, and W. K. Smith. May 1, 2019. “Enhancing Global Change Experiments through Integration of Remote-sensing Techniques.” Front. Ecol. Environ., 17(4):215–224. doi:10.1002/fee.2031.

[186] Chen, Jinsong, Qing Zhu, William J. Riley, Yujie He, James T. Randerson, and S. E. Trumbore. 2019. “Comparison with Global Soil Radiocarbon Observations Indicates Needed Carbon Cycle Improvements in the E3SM Land Model.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 124(5):1098–1114. doi:10.1029/2018JG004795.

[185] Elliott, Scott, Zachary Menzo, Amadini Jayasinghe, H. C. Allen, Oluwaseun Ogunro, G. Gibson, Forrest M. Hoffman, and O. Wingenter. April 30, 2019. “Biogeochemical Equation of State for the Sea-Air Interface.” Atmos., 10(5), 230. doi:10.3390/atmos10050230.

[184] Yan, Binyan, Jiafu Mao, Xiaoying Shi, Forrest M. Hoffman, M. Notaro, T. Zhou, N. McDowell, R. E. Dickinson, Min Xu, L. Gu, and D. M. Ricciuto. April 30, 2019. “Predictability of Tropical Vegetation Greenness Using Sea Surface Temperatures.” Environ. Res. Commun., 1(3), 031003. doi:10.1088/2515-7620/ab178a.

[183] Thies, S., S. Bruggeman, S. A. Clay, Umakant Mishra, G. Hatfield, S. Kumar, and D. E. Clay. April 29, 2019. Midmorning Point Sampling May Not Accurately Represent Nitrous Oxide Emissions Following Fertilizer Applications. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 83(2):339–347. doi:10.2136/sssaj2018.08.0313.

[182] Vitharana, U. W. A., Umakant Mishra, and R. B. Mapa. March 1, 2019. “National Soil Organic Carbon Estimates Can Improve Global Estimates.” Geoderma, 337:55–64. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.09.005.

[181] Liu, B. Y., Qing Zhu, William J. Riley, L. Zhao, H. Ma, M. Van Gordon, and L. Larsen. February 16, 2019. “Using Information Theory to Evaluate Directional Precipitation Interactions Over the West Sahel Region in Observations and Models.” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124(3):1463–1473. doi:10.1029/2018JD029160.

[180] Levine, Paul A., James T. Randerson, Yang Chen, M. S. Pritchard, Min Xu, and Forrest M. Hoffman. February 15, 2019. “Soil Moisture Variability Intensifies and Prolongs Eastern Amazon Temperature and Carbon Cycle Response to El Niño-Southern Oscillation.” J. Clim., 32(4):1273–1292. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0150.1.

[179] Wang, W.-L., J. Keith Moore, A. C. Martiny, and F. W. Primeau. February 14, 2019. “Convergent Estimates of Marine Nitrogen Fixation.” Nature, 566(7743):205–211. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-0911-2.

[178] Eyring, V., P. M. Cox, G. M. Flato, P. J. Gleckler, G. Abramowitz, P. Caldwell, W. D. Collins, B. K. Gier, A. D. Hall, Forrest M. Hoffman, G. C. Hurtt, A. Jahn, C. D. Jones, S. A. Klein, J. Krasting, L. Kwiatkowski, R. Lorenz, E. Maloney, G. A. Meehl, A. Pendergrass, R. Pincus, A. C. Ruane, J. L. Russell, B. M. Sanderson, B. D. Santer, S. C. Sherwood, I. R. Simpson, R. J. Stouffer, and M. S. Williamson. February 1, 2019. “Taking Climate Model Evaluation to the Next Level.” Nat. Clim. Change, 9(2):102–110. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y.

[177] Green, J. K., S. I. Seneviratne, A. M. Berg, K. L. Findell, S. Hagemann, David M. Lawrence, and P. Gentine. January 24, 2019. “Large Influence of Soil Moisture on Long-term Terrestrial Carbon Uptake.” Nature, 565(7740):476–479. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y.

[176] Woodard, Dawn L., S. J. Davis, and James T. Randerson. January 15, 2019. “Economic Carbon Cycle Feedbacks May Offset Additional Warming from Natural Feedbacks.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 116(3):759–764. doi:10.1073/pnas.1805187115.

[175] Swenson, S. C., S. P. Burns, and David M. Lawrence. January 1, 2019. “The Impact of Biomass Heat Storage on the Canopy Energy Balance and Atmospheric Stability in the Community Land Model.” J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11(1):83–98. doi:10.1029/2018MS001476.

2018

[174] C. Le Quéré, R. M. Andrew, P. Friedlingstein, S. Sitch, J. Hauck, J. Pongratz, P. A. Pickers, J. I. Korsbakken, G. P. Peters, J. G. Canadell, A. Arneth, V. K. Arora, L. Barbero, A. Bastos, L. Bopp, F. Chevallier, L. P. Chini, P. Ciais, S. C. Doney, T. Gkritzalis, D. S. Goll, I. Harris, V. Haverd, Forrest M. Hoffman, M. Hoppema, R. A. Houghton, G. Hurtt, T. Ilyina, A. K. Jain, T. Johannessen, C. D. Jones, E. Kato, R. F. Keeling, K. K. Goldewijk, P. Landschützer, N. Lefèvre, S. Lienert, Z. Liu, D. Lombardozzi, N. Metzl, D. R. Munro, J. E. M. S. Nabel, S.-I. Nakaoka, C. Neill, A. Olsen, T. Ono, P. Patra, A. Peregon, W. Peters, P. Peylin, B. Pfeil, D. Pierrot, B. Poulter, G. Rehder, L. Resplandy, E. Robertson, M. Rocher, C. Rödenbeck, U. Schuster, J. Schwinger, R. Séférian, I. Skjelvan, T. Steinhoff, A. Sutton, P. P. Tans, H. Tian, B. Tilbrook, F. N. Tubiello, I. T. van der Laan-Luijkx, G. R. van der Werf, N. Viovy, Anthony P. Walker, A. J. Wiltshire, R. Wright, S. Zaehle, and B. Zheng. December 5, 2018. “Global Carbon Budget 2018.” Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10(4):2141–2194. doi:10.5194/essd-10-2141-2018.

[173] Mitran, T., Umakant Mishra, R. Lal, T. Ravisankar, and K. Sreenivas. December 1, 2018. “Spatial Distribution of Soil Carbon Stocks in a Semi-arid Region of India.” Geoderma Regional, 15, e00192. doi:10.1016/j.geodrs.2018.e00192.

[172] Gonçalves, D. R. P., J. C. de Moraes Sá, Umakant Mishra, F. J. F. Furlan, L. A. Ferreir, T. M. Inagaki, J. Romaniw, A. de Oliveira Ferreira, and C. Briedis. December 1, 2018. “Soil Carbon Inventory to Quantify the Impact of Land Use Change to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Ecosystem Services.” Environ. Pollut., 243(B):940–952. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.068.

[171] Kooperman, G. J., Megan D. Fowler, Forrest M. Hoffman, Charles D. Koven, K. Lindsay, M. S. Pritchard, A. L. S. Swann, and James T. Randerson. November 28, 2018. “Plant-physiological Responses to Rising CO2 Modify Simulated Daily Runoff Intensity with Implications for Global-scale Flood Risk Assessment.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(22):12,457–12,466. doi:10.1029/2018GL079901.

[170] Collier, Nathan, Forrest M. Hoffman, David M. Lawrence, Gretchen Keppel-Aleks, Charles D. Koven, William J. Riley, Mingquan Mu, and James T. Randerson. November 1, 2018. “The International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) System: Design, Theory, and Implementation.” J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 10(11):2731–2754. doi:10.1029/2018MS001354.

[169] Schädel, C., Charles D. Koven, David M. Lawrence, G. Celis, A. J. Garnello, J. Hutchings, M. Mauritz, S. M. Natali, E. Pegoraro, H. Rodenhizer, V. G. Salmon, M. A. Taylor, E. E. Webb, W. R. Wieder, and E. A. G. Schuur. October 2, 2018. “Divergent Patterns of Experimental and Model-derived Permafrost Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics in Response to Arctic Warming.” Environ. Res. Lett., 13(10), 105002. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aae0ff.

[168] Lombardozzi, D. L., G. B. Bonan, S. Levis, and David M. Lawrence. October 1, 2018. “Changes in Wood Biomass and Crop Yields in Response to Projected CO2, O3, Nitrogen Deposition, and Climate.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 123(10):3262–3282. doi:10.1029/2018JG004680.

[167] Keenan, Trevor F., and C. A. Williams. October 1, 2018. “The Terrestrial Carbon Sink.” Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour., 43(1):219–243. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102017-030204.

[166] Grassi, G., J. House, W. A. Kurz, A. Cescatti, R. A. Houghton, G. P. Peters, M. J. Sanz, R. Abad Viñas, R. Alkama, A. Arneth, A. Bondeau, F. Dentener, M. Fader, S. Federici, P. Friedlingstein, A. K. Jain, E. Kato, Charles D. Koven, D. Lee, J. E. M. S. Nabel, A. A. Nassikas, L. Perugini, S. Rossi, S. Sitch, N. Viovy, A. Wiltshire, and S. Zaehle. October 1, 2018. “Reconciling Global-model Estimates and Country Reporting of Anthropogenic Forest CO2 Sinks.” Nat. Clim. Change, 8(10):914–920. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0283-x.

[165] Covino, T., H. E. Golden and H.-Y. Li, and Jinyun Tang. October 1, 2018. “Aquatic Carbon-Nutrient Dynamics as Emergent Properties of Hydrological, Biogeochemical, and Ecological Interactions: Scientific Advances.” Water Resour. Res., 54(10):7138–7142. doi:10.1029/2018WR023588.

[164] Collalti, A., C. Trotta, Trevor F. Keenan, A. Ibrom, B. Bond-Lamberty, R. Grote, S. Vicca, C. P. O. Reyer, M. Migliavacca, F. Veroustraete, A. Anav, M. Campioli, E. Scoccimarro, L. Šigut, E. Grieco, A. Cescatti, and G. Matteucci. October 1, 2018. “Thinning Can Reduce Losses in Carbon Use Efficiency and Carbon Stocks in Managed Forests Under Warmer Climate.” J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 10(10):2427–2452. doi:10.1029/2018MS001275.

[163] Chen, Yang, Baird Langenbrunner, and James T. Randerson. September 16, 2018. “Future Drying in Central America and Northern South America Linked With Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(17):9226–9235. doi:10.1029/2018GL077953.

[162] Ducker, J. A., C. D. Holmes, Trevor F. Keenan, S. Fares, A. H. Goldstein, I. Mammarella, J. W. Munger, and J. Schnell. September 6, 2018. “Synthetic Ozone Deposition and Stomatal Uptake at Flux Tower Sites.” Biogeosci., 15(17):5395–5413. doi:10.5194/bg-15-5395-2018.

[161] Keenan, Trevor F. and William J. Riley. September 1, 2018. “Greening of the Land Surface in the World’s Cold Regions Consistent with Recent Warming.” Nature Clim. Change, 9(8):825–828. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0258-y.

[160] Zhang, W., P. A. Miller, C. Jansson, P. Samuelsson, Jiafu Mao, and B. Smith. July 28, 2018. “Self-amplifying Feedbacks Accelerate Greening and Warming of the Arctic.” Geophys. Rev. Lett., 45(14):7102–7111. doi:10.1029/2018GL077830.

[159] Yang, Cheng-En, Jiafu Mao, Forrest M. Hoffman, D. M. Ricciuto, J. S. Fu, C. D. Jones, and M. Thurner. July 19, 2018. “Uncertainty Quantification of Extratropical Forest Biomass in CMIP5 Models over the Northern Hemisphere.” Sci. Rep., 8(1), 10962. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29227-7.

[158] Nave, L. E., B. F. Walters, K. L. Hofmeister, C. H. Perry, Umakant Mishra, G. M. Domke, and C. W. Swanston. July 9, 2018. “The Role of Reforestation in Carbon Sequestration.” New Forests. doi:10.1007/s11056-018-9655-3.

[157] Ouimette, A. P., S. V. Ollinger, A. D. Richardson, D Y. Hollinger, Trevor F. Keenan, L. C. Lepine, and M. A. Vadeboncoeur. June 15, 2018. “Carbon Fluxes and Interannual Drivers in a Temperate Forest Ecosystem Assessed through Comparison of Top-down and Bottom-up Approaches.” Agr. Forest Meteorol., 256–257:420–430. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.03.017.

[156] Elliott, Scott M., S. Burrows, P. Cameron-Smith, Forrest M. Hoffman, E. Hunke, N. Jeffery, Y. Liu, M. Maltrud, Zachary Menzo, Oluwaseun Ogunro, L. Van Roekel, S. Wang, M. Brunke, M. Jin, R. Letscher, N. Meskhidze, L. Russell, I. Simpson, D. Stokes, and O. Wingenter. June 4, 2018. “Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package.” Atmos., 9(6), 216. doi:10.3390/atmos9060216.

[155] Kondo, M., K. Ichii, P. K. Patra, B. Poulter, L. Calle, Charles D. Koven, T. A. M. Pugh, E. Kato, A. Harper, S. Zaehle, and A. Wiltshire. May 28, 2018. “Plant Regrowth as a Driver of Recent Enhancement of Terrestrial CO2 Uptake.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(10):4820–4830. doi:10.1029/2018GL077633.

[154] Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Scott M. Elliott, O. Wingenter, C. Deal, Weiwei Fu, Nathan Collier, and Forrest M. Hoffman. May 12, 2018. “Evaluating Uncertainties in Marine Biogeochemical Models: Benchmarking Aerosol Precursors.” Atmos., 9(5), 184. doi:10.3390/atmos9050184.

[153] Lawrence, P. J., David M. Lawrence, and G. C. Hurtt. May 4, 2018. “Attributing the Carbon Cycle Impacts of CMIP5 Historical and Future Land Use and Land Cover Change in the Community Earth System Model (CESM1).” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 123(5):1732–1755. doi:10.1029/2017JG004348.

[152] Forbes, Whitney L., Jiafu Mao, M. Jin, S.-C. Kao, W. Fu, Xiaoying Shi, D. M. Riccuito, P. E. Thornton, A. Ribes, Y. Wang, S. Piao, T. Zhao, C. R. Schwalm, Forrest M. Hoffman, J. B. Fisher, A. Ito, B. Poulter, Y. Fang, H. Tian, A. K. Jain, and D. J. Hayes. May 4, 2018. “Contribution of Environmental Forcings to US Runoff Changes for the Period 1950–2010.” Environ. Res. Lett., 13(5):054023. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aabb41.

[151] Negrón-Juárez, Robinson I., J. A. Holm, D. Magnabosco Marra, S. W. Rifai, William J. Riley, J. Q. Chambers, Charles D. Koven, R. G. Knox, M. E. McGroddy, A. V. Di Vittorio, J. Urquiza-Muñoz, R. Tello-Espinoza, W. Alegria Muñoz, G. H. P. M. Ribeiro, and N. Higuchi. May 3, 2018. “Vulnerability of Amazon Forests to Storm-driven Tree Mortality.” Environ. Res. Lett., 13(5), 054021. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aabe9f.

[150] Tang, Jinyun, and William J. Riley. May 1, 2018. “Predicted Land Carbon Dynamics Are Strongly Dependent on the Numerical Coupling of Nitrogen Mobilizing and Immobilizing Processes: A Demonstration with the E3SM Land Model.” Earth Interact., 22(11):1–18. doi:10.1175/EI-D-17-0023.1.

[149] Menzo, Zachary, Scott M. Elliott, C. Hartin, Forrest M. Hoffman, and S. Wang. May 1, 2018. “Climate Change Impacts on Natural Sulfur Production: Ocean Acidification and Community Shifts.” Atmos., 9(5), 167. doi:10.3390/atmos9050167.

[148] Kooperman, Gabriel J., Yang Chen, Forrest M. Hoffman, Charles D. Koven, K. Lindsay, M. S. Pritchard, A. L. S. Swann, and James T. Randerson. May 1, 2018. “Forest Response to Rising CO2 Drives Zonally Asymmetric Rainfall Change over Tropical Land.” Nature Clim. Change, 8(5):434–440. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0144-7.

[147] Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen, Samantha J. Basile, and Forrest M. Hoffman. April 23, 2018. “A Functional Response Metric for the Temperature Sensitivity of Tropical Ecosystems.” Earth Interact., 22(7):1–20. doi:10.1175/EI-D-17-0017.1.

[146] Sihi, D., E. A. Davidson, M. Chen, K. E. Savage, A. D. Richardson, Trevor F. Keenan, and D. Y. Hollinger. April 15, 2018. “Merging a Mechanistic Enzymatic Model of Soil Heterotrophic Respiration into an Ecosystem Model in Two AmeriFlux Sites of Northeastern USA.” Agr. Forest Meteorol., 252:155–166. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.01.026.

[145] McGuire, A. D., David M. Lawrence, Charles D. Koven, J. S. Clein, E. Burke, G. Chen, E. Jafarov, A. H. MacDougall, S. Marchenko, D. Nicolsky, S. Peng, A. Rinke, P. Ciais, I. Gouttevin, D. J. Hayes, D. Ji, G. Krinner, J. C. Moore, V. Romanovsky, C. Schädel, K. Schaefer, E. A. G. Schuur, and Q. Zhuang. April 10, 2018. “Dependence of the Evolution of Carbon Dynamics in the Northern Permafrost Region on the Trajectory of Climate Change.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 115(15):3882–3887. doi:10.1073/pnas.1719903115.

[144] Fu, Weiwei, F. Primeau, J. Keith Moore, K. Lindsay, and James T. Randerson. April 1, 2018. “Reversal of Increasing Tropical Ocean Hypoxia Trends with Sustained Climate Warming.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 32(4):551–564. doi:10.1002/2017GB005788.

[143] Moore, J. Keith, Weiwei Fu, F. Primeau, G. L. Britten, K. Lindsay, M. Long, S. C. Doney, N. Mahowald, Forrest M. Hoffman, and James T. Randerson. March 9, 2018. “Sustained Climate Warming Drives Declining Marine Biological Productivity.” Science, 359(6380):1139–1143. doi:10.1126/science.aao6379.

[142] Wang, S., M. Maltrud, Scott Elliott, P. Cameron-Smith, and A. Jonko. March 1, 2018. “Influence of Dimethyl Sulfide on the Carbon Cycle and Biological Production.” Biogeochemistry, 138(1):49–68. doi:10.1007/s10533-018-0430-5.

[141] Huang, Y., X. Lu, Z. Shi, David M. Lawrence, Charles D. Koven, J. Xia, Z. Du, E. Kluzek, and Yiqi Luo. March 1, 2018. “Matrix Approach to Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: A Case Study with the Community Land Model.” Glob. Change Biol., 24(3):1394–1404. doi:10.1111/gcb.13948.

[140] Li, F., David M. Lawrence, and B. Bond-Lamberty. March 1, 2018. “Human Impacts on 20th Century Fire Dynamics and Implications for Global Carbon and Water Trajectories.” Glob. Planet. Change, 162:18–27. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.01.002.

[139] Lee, M. S., D. Y. Hollinger, Trevor F. Keenan, A. P. Ouimette, S. V. Ollinger, and A. D. Richardson. February 15, 2018. “Model-based Analysis of the Impact of Diffuse Radiation on CO2 Exchange in a Temperate Deciduous Forest.” Agr. Forest Meteorol., 249:377–389. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.11.016.

[138] Yi, Y., J. S. Kimball, R. Chen, M. Moghaddam, R. H. Reichle, Umakant Mishra, D. Zona, and W. C. Oechel. January 16, 2018. “Characterizing Permafrost Soil Active Layer Dynamics and Sensitivity to Landscape Spatial Heterogeneity in Alaska.” The Cryosphere, 12(1):145–161. doi:10.5194/tc-12-145-2018.

[137] Parazoo, N. C., Charles D. Koven, David M. Lawrence, V. Romanovsky, and C. E. Miller. January 12, 2018. “Detecting the Permafrost Carbon Feedback: Talik Formation and Increased Cold-season Respiration as Precursors to Sink-to-source Transitions.” The Cryosphere, 12(1):123–144. doi:10.5194/tc-12-123-2018.

[136] Pellegrini, A. F. A., A. Ahlström, S. E. Hobbie, P. B. Reich, L. P. Nieradzik, A. C. Staver, B. C. Scharenbroch, A. Jumpponen, W. R. L. Anderegg, James T. Randerson, and R. B. Jackson. January 11, 2018. “Fire Frequency Drives Decadal Changes in Soil Carbon and Nitrogen and Ecosystem Productivity.” Nature, 553:194–198. doi:10.1038/nature24668.

[135] Xu, Xiyan, William J. Riley, Charles D. Koven, and G. Jia. January 1, 2018. “Observed and Simulated Sensitivities of Spring Greenup to Preseason Climate in Northern Temperate and Boreal Regions.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 123(1):60–78. doi:10.1002/2017JG004117.

[134] Beckage, B., L. J. Gross, K. Lacasse, E. Carr, S. S. Metcalf, J. M. Winter, P. D. Howe, N. Fefferman, T. Franck, A. Zia, A. Kinzig, and Forrest M. Hoffman. January 1, 2018. “Linking Models of Human Behaviour and Climate Alters Projected Climate Change.” Nature Clim. Change, 8(1):79–84. doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0031-7.

[133] de Moraes Sá, J. C., D. R. Potma Gonçalves, L. A. Ferreira, Umakant Mishra, T. M. Inagaki, F. J. Ferreira Furlan, R. Segecin Moro, N. Floriani, C. Briedis, and A. de Oliveira Ferreira. January 1, 2018. “Soil Carbon Fractions and Biological Activity Based Indices Can Be Used to Study the Impact of Land Management and Ecological Successions.” Ecol. Indic., 84:96–105. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.08.029.

2017

[132] Angle, J. C., T. H. Morin, L. M. Solden, A. B. Narrowe, G. J. Smith, M. A. Borton, C. Rey-Sanchez, R. A. Daly, G. Mirfenderesgi, D. W. Hoyt, William J. Riley, C. S. Miller, G. Bohrer, and K. C. Wrighton. November 16, 2017. “Methanogenesis in Oxygenated Soils is a Substantial Fraction of Wetland Methane Emissions.” Nat. Commun., 8(1):1567–1576. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01753-4.

[131] Koven, Charles D., G. Hugelius, David M. Lawrence, and W. Wieder. November 1, 2017. “Higher Climatological Temperature Sensitivity of Soil Carbon in Cold Than Warm Climates” Nature Clim. Change, 7:817–822. doi:10.1038/nclimate3421.

[130] Matamala, R., F. Calderón, J. D. Jastrow, Z. Fan, S. M. Hofmann, G. J. Michaelson, Umakant Mishra, and C.-L. Ping. November 1, 2017. “Influence of Site and Soil Properties on the DRIFT Spectra of Northern Cold-region Soils.” Geoderma , 305(Supplement C):80–91. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.05.014.

[129] Saunois, M., P. Bousquet, B. Poulter, A. Peregon, P. Ciais, J. G. Canadell, E. J. Dlugokencky, G. Etiope, D. Bastviken, S. Houweling, G. Janssens-Maenhout, F. N. Tubiello, S. Castaldi, R. B. Jackson, M. Alexe, V. K. Arora, D. J. Beerling, P. Bergamaschi, D. R. Blake, G. Brailsford, L. Bruhwiler, C. Crevoisier, P. Crill, K. Covey, C. Frankenberg, N. Gedney, L. Höglund-Isaksson, M. Ishizawa, A. Ito, F. Joos, H.-S. Kim, T. Kleinen, P. Krummel, J.-F. Lamarque, R. Langenfelds, R. Locatelli, T. Machida, S. Maksyutov, J. R. Melton, I. Morino, V. Naik, S. O’Doherty, F.-J. W. Parmentier, P. K. Patra, C. Peng, S. Peng, G. P. Peters, I. Pison, R. Prinn, M. Ramonet, William J. Riley, M. Saito, M. Santini, R. Schroeder, I. J. Simpson, R. Spahni, A. Takizawa, B. F. Thornton, H. Tian, Y. Tohjima, N. Viovy, A. Voulgarakis, R. Weiss, D. J. Wilton, A. Wiltshire, D. Worthy, D. Wunch, Xiyan Xu, Y. Yoshida, B. Zhang, Z. Zhang, and Q. Zhu. September 20, 2017. “Variability and Quasi-decadal Changes in the Methane Budget over the Period 2000–2012.” Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17(18):11135–11161. doi:10.5194/acp-17-11135-2017.

[128] Poulter, B., P. Bousquet, J. G. Canadell, P. Ciais, A. Peregon, M. Saunois, V. K. Arora, D. J. Beerling, V. Brovkin, C. D. Jones, F. Joos, N. Gedney, A. Ito, T. Kleinen, Charles D. Koven, K. McDonald, J. R. Melton, C. Peng, S. Peng, C. Prigent, R. Schroeder, William J. Riley, M. Saito, R. Spahni, H. Tian, L. Taylor, N. Viovy, D. Wilton, A. Wiltshire, Xiyan Xu, B. Zhang, Z. Zhang, and Q. Zhu. September 13, 2017. “Global Wetland Contribution to 2000–2012 Atmospheric Methane Growth Rate Dynamics.” Environ. Res. Lett., 12(9), 094013. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa8391.

[127] Song, Xia, Forrest M. Hoffman, C. M. Iversen, Y. Yin, Jitendra Kumar, C. Ma, and X. Xu. September 9, 2017. “Significant Inconsistency of Vegetation Carbon Density in CMIP5 Earth System Models against Observational Data.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 122(9):2282–2297. doi:10.1002/2017JG003914.

[126] Mishra, Umakant, Beth Drewniak, Julie D. Jastrow, Roser M. Matamala, and U. W. A. Vitharana. August 15, 2017. “Spatial Representation of Organic Carbon and Active-layer Thickness of High Latitude Soils in CMIP5 Earth System Models.” Geoderma, 300:55–63. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.04.017.

[125] Swann, A. L. S., and Charles D. Koven. August 1, 2017. “A Direct Estimate of the Seasonal Cycle of Evapotranspiration over the Amazon Basin.” J. Hydrometeor., 18(8):2173–2185. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-17-0004.1.

[124] Zeng, Z., S. Piao, L. Z. X. Li, L. Zhou, P. Ciais, T. Wang, Y. Li, X. Lian, E. F. Wood, P. Friedlingstein, Jiafu Mao, L. D. Estes, R. B. Myneni, S. Peng, Xiaoying Shi, S. I. Seneviratne and Y. Wang. June 1, 2017. “Climate Mitigation from Vegetation Biophysical Feedbacks During the Past Three Decades.” Nature Clim. Change, 7(6):432–436. doi:10.1038/nclimate3299.

[123] Keller, K. M., S. Lienert, A. Bozbiyik, T. F. Stocker, O. V. Churakova (Sidorova), D. C. Frank, S. Klesse, Charles D. Koven, M. Leuenberger, William J. Riley, M. Saurer, R. Siegwolf, R. B. Weigt, and F. Joos. May 24, 2017. “20th Century Changes in Carbon Isotopes and Water-use Efficiency: Tree-ring-based Evaluation of the CLM4.5 and LPX-Bern Models.” Biogeosci., 14(10):2641–2673. doi:10.5194/bg-14-2641-2017.

[122] Piao, S., Z. Liu, T. Wang, S. Peng, P. Ciais, M. Huang, A. Ahlström, J. F. Burkhart, F. Chevallier, I. A. Janssens, S. Jeong, X. Lin, Jiafu Mao, J. Miller, A. Mohammat, R. B. Myneni, J. Peñuelas, Xiaoying Shi, A. Stohl, Y. Yao, Z. Zhu, and P. P. Tans. May 1, 2017. “Weakening Temperature Control on the Interannual Variations of Spring Carbon Uptake across Northern Lands.” Nature Clim. Change, 7(5):359–363. doi:10.1038/nclimate3277.

[121] Slater, A. G., David M. Lawrence, and Charles D. Koven. April 20, 2017. “Process-level Model Evaluation: A Snow and Heat Transfer Metric.” The Cryosphere, 11(2):989–996. doi:10.5194/tc-11-989-2017.

[120] Pandey, S., S. Houweling, M. Krol, I. Aben, G. Monteil, N. Nechita-Banda, E. J. Dlugokencky, R. Detmers, O. Hasekamp, Xiyan Xu, William J. Riley, B. Poulter, Z. Zhang, K. C. McDonald, J. W. C. White, P. Bousquet, and T. Röckmann. April 10, 2017. “Enhanced methane emissions from tropical wetlands during the 2011 La Niña.” Sci. Rep., 7, 45759. doi:10.1038/srep45759.

[119] Hoffman, Forrest M., Charles D. Koven, Gretchen Keppel-Aleks, David M. Lawrence, William J. Riley, James T. Randerson, A. Ahlström, G. Abramowitz, D. D. Baldocchi, M. J. Best, B. Bond-Lamberty, M. G. De Kauwe, A. S. Denning, A. R. Desai, V. Eyring, J. B. Fisher, R. A. Fisher, P. J. Gleckler, M. Huang, G. Hugelius, A. K. Jain, N. Y. Kiang, H. Kim, R. D. Koster, S. V. Kumar, H. Li, Y. Luo, Jiafu Mao, N. G. McDowell, Umakant Mishra, P. R. Moorcroft, G. S. H. Pau, D. M. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, C. R. Schwalm, S. P. Serbin, E. Shevliakova, A. G. Slater, Jinyun Tang, M. Williams, J. Xia, C. Xu, R. Joseph, and D. Koch. April 1, 2017. “International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) 2016 Workshop Report.” Technical Report DOE/SC-0186. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Germantown, Maryland, USA. doi:10.2172/1330803.

[118] Zhu, Qing, William J. Riley, and Jinyun Tang. April 1, 2017. “A New Theory of Plant–Microbe Nutrient Competition Resolves Inconsistencies Between Observations and Model Predictions.” Ecol. Appl., 27(3):875–886. doi:10.1002/eap.1490.

[117] Liptak, Jessica, Gretchen Keppel-Aleks, and K. Lindsay. March 20, 2017. “Drivers of Multi-century Trends in the Atmospheric CO2 Mean Annual Cycle in a Prognostic ESM.” Biogeosci., 14(6):1383–1401. doi:10.5194/bg-14-1383-2017.

[116] Rosemary, F., U. W. A.Vitharana, S. P. Indraratne, R. Weerasooriya, and Umakant Mishra. March 1, 2017. “Exploring the Spatial Variability of Soil Properties in an Alfisol Catena.” Catena, 150:53–61. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2016.10.017.

[115] Vitharana, U. W. A., Umakant Mishra, J. D. Jastrow, R. Matamala, and Z. Fan. Feburary 21, 2017. “Observational Needs for Estimating Alaskan Soil Carbon Stocks under Current and Future Climate.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 122(2):415–429. doi:10.1002/2016JG003421.

[114] Negrón-Juárez, Robinson I., H. S. Jenkins, C. F. M. Raupp, William J. Riley, L. M. Kueppers, D. Magnabosco Marra, G. H. P. M. Ribeiro, M. T. F. Monteiro, L. A. Candido, J. Q. Chambers, N. Higuchi. February 4, 2017. “Windthrow Variability in Central Amazonia.” Atmosphere, 8(2), 28. doi:10.3390/atmos8020028.

[113] Mahowald, N. M., James T. Randerson, K. Lindsay, E. Muñoz, S. C. Doney, P. Lawrence, S. Schlunegger, D. S. Ward, David M. Lawrence, and Forrest M. Hoffman. January 23, 2017. “Interactions Between Land Use Change and Carbon Cycle Feedbacks.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 31(1):96–113. doi:10.1002/2016GB005374.

[112] Gonçalves, D. R. P., J. C. de Moraes Sá, Umakant Mishra, C. E. P. Cerri, L. A. Ferreira, and F. J. F. Furlan. January 15, 2017. “Soil Type and Texture Impacts on Soil Organic Carbon Accumulation in a Sub-tropical Agro-ecosystem.” Geoderma, 286:88–97. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.10.021.

[111] Luo, Y., Z. Shi, X. Lu, J. Xia, J. Liang, J. Jiang, Y. Wang, M. J. Smith, L. Jiang, A. Ahlström, B. Chen, O. Hararuk, A. Hastings, Forrest M. Hoffman, B. Medlyn, S. Niu, M. Rasmussen, K. Todd-Brown, and Y.-P. Wang. January 12, 2017. “Transient Dynamics of Terrestrial Carbon Storage: Mathematical Foundation and Its Applications.” Biogeosci., 14(1):145–161. doi:10.5194/bg-14-145-2017.

2016

[110] Levine, Paul A., James T. Randerson, Sean C. Swenson, and David M. Lawrence. December 9, 2016. “Evaluating the Strength of the Land–Atmosphere Moisture Feedback in Earth System Models Using Satellite Observation.” Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20(12):4837–4856. doi:10.5194/hess-20-4837-2016.

[109] Rasmussen, Martin, Alan Hastings, Matthew J. Smith, Folashade B. Agusto, Benito M. Chen-Charpentier, Forrest M. Hoffman, Jiang Jiang, Katherine E. O. Todd-Brown, Ying Wang, Ying-Ping Wang, and Yiqi Luo. December 1, 2016. “Transit Times and Mean Ages for Nonautonomous and Autonomous Compartmental Systems.” J. Math. Biol., 73(6):1379–1398. doi:10.1007/s00285-016-0990-8.

[108] Haarsma, R. J., M. J. Roberts, P. L. Vidale, C. A. Senior, A. Bellucci, Q. Bao, P. Chang, S. Corti, N. S. Fučkar, V. Guemas, J. von Hardenberg, W. Hazeleger, C. Kodama, T. Koenigk, L. R. Leung, J. Lu, J.-J. Luo, Jiafu Mao, M. S. Mizielinski, R. Mizuta, P. Nobre, M. Satoh, E. Scoccimarro, T. Semmler, J. Small, and J.-S. von Storch. November 22, 2016. “High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP v1.0) for CMIP6.” Geosci. Model Dev., 9(11):4185–4208. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016.

[107] Xu, Li, Philip Cameron-Smith, Lynn M. Russell, Steven J. Ghan, Ying Liu, Scott M. Elliott, Yang Yang, Sijia Lou, Maryam A. Lamjiri, and Manfredi Manizza. November 16, 2016. “DMS Role in ENSO Cycle in the Tropics.” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121(22):13537–13558. doi:10.1002/2016JD025333.

[106] Mao, Jiafu, Aurélien Ribes, Binyan Yan, Xiaoying Shi, Peter E. Thornton, Roland Séférian, Philippe Ciais, Ranga B. Myneni, Hervé Douville, Shilong Piao, Zaichun Zhu, Robert E. Dickinson, Yongjiu Dai, Daniel M. Ricciuto, Mingzhou Jin, Forrest M. Hoffman, Bin Wang, Mengtian Huang, and Xu Lian. October 1, 2016. “Human-induced Greening of the Northern Extratropical Land Surface.” Nature Clim. Change, 6(10):959–963. doi:10.1038/nclimate3056.

[105] Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen, and R. A. Washenfelder. September 28, 2016. “The Effect of Atmospheric Sulfate Reductions on Diffuse Radiation and Photosynthesis in the United States during 1995–2013.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(18):9984–9993. doi:10.1002/2016GL070052.

[104] He, Yujie, Susan E. Trumbore, Margaret S. Torn, Jennifer W. Harden, Lydia J.S. Vaughn, Steven D. Allison, and James T. Randerson. September 22, 2016. “Radiocarbon Constraints Imply Reduced Carbon Uptake by Soils during the 21st Century.” Science, 353(6306):1419–1424. doi:10.1126/science.aad4273.

[103] Fu, Weiwei, James T. Randerson, and J. Keith Moore. September 16, 2016. “Climate Change Impacts on Net Primary Production (NPP) and Export Production (EP) Regulated by Increasing Stratification and Phytoplankton Community Structure in CMIP5 Models.” Biogeosci., 13(18):5151–5170. doi:10.5194/bg-13-5151-2016.

[102] Swann, Abigail L. S., Forrest M. Hoffman, Charles D. Koven, and James T. Randerson. September 6, 2016. “Plant Responses to Increasing CO2 Reduce Estimates of Climate Impacts on Drought Severity.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 113(36):10019–10024. doi:10.1073/pnas.1604581113.

[101] Lawrence, David M., George C. Hurtt, Almut Arneth, Victor Brovkin, Kate V. Calvin, Andrew D. Jones, Chris D. Jones, Peter J. Lawrence, Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudré, Julia Pongratz, Sonia I. Seneviratne, and Elena Shevliakova. September 2, 2016. “The Land Use Model Intercomparison Project (LUMIP) Contribution to CMIP6: Rationale and Experimental Design.” Geosci. Model Dev., 9(9):2973–2998. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2973-2016.

[100] Jones, C. D., V. Arora, P. Friedlingstein, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, J. Dunne, H. Graven, Forrest M. Hoffman, T. Ilyina, J. G. John, M. Jung, M. Kawamiya, Charles D. Koven, J. Pongratz, T. Raddatz, James T. Randerson, and S. Zaehle. August 25, 2016. “C4MIP – The Coupled Climate–Carbon Cycle Model Intercomparison Project: Experimental Protocol for CMIP6.” Geosci. Model Dev., 9(8):2853–2880. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2853-2016.

[99] van den Hurk, B., H. Kim, G. Krinner, S. I. Seneviratne, C. Derksen, T. Oki, H. Douville, J. Colin, A. Ducharne, F. Cheruy, N. Viovy, M. J. Puma, Y. Wada, W. Li, B. Jia, A. Alessandri, David M. Lawrence, G. P. Weedon, R. Ellis, S. Hagemann, Jiafu Mao, M. G. Flanner, M. Zampieri, S. Materia, R. M. Law, and J. Sheffield. August 24, 2016. “LS3MIP (v1.0) Contribution to CMIP6: The Land Surface, Snow and Soil Moisture Model Intercomparison Project – Aims, Setup and Expected Outcome.” Geosci. Model Dev., 9(8):2809–2832. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2809-2016.

[98] Burrows, Susannah M., Eric Gobrogge, Li Fu, Katie Link, Scott M. Elliott, Hongfei Wang, and Rob Walker. August 16, 2016. “OCEANFILMS-2: Representing Co-adsorption of Saccharides in Marine Films Improves Agreement of Modelled and Observed Marine Aerosol Chemistry.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(15):8306–8313. doi:10.1002/2016GL069070.

[97] Zhu, Zaichun, Shilong Piao, Ranga B. Myneni, Mengtian Huang, Zhenzhong Zeng, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Stephen Sitch, Pierre Friedlingstein, Almut Arneth, Chunxiang Cao, Lei Cheng, Etsushi Kato, Charles Koven, Yue Li, Xu Lian, Yongwen Liu, Ronggao Liu, Jiafu Mao, Yaozhong Pan, Shushi Peng, Josep Penuelas, Benjamin Poulter, Thomas A. M. Pugh, Benjamin D. Stocker, Nicolas Viovy, Xuhui Wang, Yingping Wang, Zhiqiang Xiao, Hui Yang, Sonke Zaehle, and Ning Zeng. August 1, 2016. “Greening of the Earth and Its Drivers.” Nature Clim. Change, 6(8):791–795. doi:10.1038/nclimate3004.

[96] Huang, Wenjuan, Tianfeng Han, Juxiu Liu, Gangsheng Wang, and Guoyi Zhou. August 1, 2016. “Changes in Soil Respiration Components and Their Specific Respiration along Three Successional Forests in the Subtropic.” Funct. Ecol., 30(8):1466–1474. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12624.

[95] Yang, Xiaojuan, Peter E. Thornton, Daniel M. Ricciuto, and Forrest M. Hoffman. July 16, 2016. “Phosphorus Feedbacks Constraining Tropical Ecosystem Responses to Changes in Atmospheric CO2 and Climate.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(13):7205–7214. doi:10.1002/2016GL069241.

[94] Parazoo, Nicholas C., Roisin Commane, Steven C. Wofsy, Charles D. Koven, Colm Sweeney, David M. Lawrence, Jakob Lindaas, Rachel Y.-W. Chang, and Charles E. Miller. July 12, 2016. “Detecting Regional Patterns of Changing CO2 Flux in Alaska.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 113(28):7733–7738. doi:10.1073/pnas.1601085113.

[93] McGuire, A. David, Charles D. Koven, David M. Lawrence, Joy S. Clein, Jiangyang Xia, Christian Beer, Eleanor Burke, Guangsheng Chen, Xiaodong Chen, Christine Delire, Elchin Jafarov, Andrew H. MacDougall, Sergey Marchenko, Dmitry Nicolsky, Shushi Peng, Annette Rinke, Kazuyuki Saito, Wenxin Zhang, Ramdane Alkama, Theodore J. Bohn, Philippe Ciais, Bertrand Decharme, Altug Ekici, Isabelle Gouttevin, Tomohiro Hajima, Daniel J. Hayea, Duoying Ji, Gerhard Krinner, Dennis P. Lettenmaier, Yiqi Luo, Paul A. Miller, John C. Moore, Vladimir Romanovsky, Christina Schädel, Kevin Schaefer, Edward A. G. Schuur, Benjamin Smith, Tetsuo Sueyoshi, and Qianlai Zhuang. July 8, 2016. “Variability in the Sensitivity among Model Simulations of Permafrost and Carbon Dynamics in the Permafrost Region between 1960 and 2009.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30(7):1015–1037. doi:10.1002/2016GB005405.

[92] Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Daniel Epron, Jennifer Harden, Mark E. Harmon, Forrest M. Hoffman, Jitendra Kumar, Anthony David McGuire, and Rodrigo Vargas. June 27, 2016. “Estimating Heterotrophic Respiration at Large Scales: Challenges, Approaches, and Next Steps.” Ecosphere, 7(6). doi:10.1002/ecs2.1380.

[91] Ghimire, Bardan, William J. Riley, Charles D. Koven, Mingquan Mu, and James T. Randerson. June 1, 2016. “Representing Leaf and Root Physiological Traits in CLM Improves Global Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling Predictions.” J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 8(2):598–613. doi:10.1002/2015MS000538.

[90] Le Roux, Xavier, Nicholas J. Bouskill, Audrey Niboyet, Laure Barthes, Paul Dijkstra, Chris B. Field, Bruce A. Hungate, Catherine Lerondelle, Thomas Pommier, Jinyun Tang, Akihiko Terada, Maria Tourna, and Franck Poly. May 17, 2016. “Predicting the Responses of Soil Nitrite-Oxidizers to Multi-Factorial Global Change: A Trait-Based Approach.” Front. Microbio., 7:628. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.00628.

[89] Sherman, Elliot, J. Keith Moore, François Primeau, and David Tanouye. April 1, 2016. “Temperature Influence on Phytoplankton Community Growth Rates.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30(4)550–559. doi:10.1002/2015GB005272.

[88] Magnabosco Marra, Daniel, Niro Higuchi, Susan E. Trumbore, Gabriel H. P. M. Ribeiro, Joaquim dos Santos, Vilany M. C. Carneiro, Adriano J. N. Lima, Jeffrey Q. Chambers, Robinson I. Negrón-Juárez, Frederic Holzwarth, Björn Reu, and Christian Wirth. March 11, 2016. “Predicting Biomass of Hyperdiverse and Structurally Complex Central Amazonian Forests — A Virtual Approach Using Extensive Field Data.” Biogeosci., 13(5):1553–1570. doi:10.5194/bg-13-1553-2016.

[87] Paudel, Rajendra, Natalie M. Mahowald, Peter G. M. Hess, Lei Meng, and William J. Riley. March 10, 2016. “Attribution of Changes in Global Wetland Methane Emissions from Pre-industrial to Present Using CLM4.5-BGC.” Environ. Res. Lett., 11(3):034020. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034020.

[86] Wang, Y. P., J. Jiang, B. Chen-Charpentier, F. B. Agusto, A. Hastings, Forrest M. Hoffman, M. Rasmussen, M. J. Smith, K. Todd-Brown, Y. Wang, X. Xu, and Y. Q. Luo. February 18, 2016. “Responses of Two Nonlinear Microbial Models to Warming and Increased Carbon Input.” Biogeosci., 13(4):887–902. doi:10.5194/bg-13-887-2016.

[85] Luo, Yiqi, Anders Ahlström, Steven D. Allison, Niels H. Batjes, Victor Brovkin, Nuno Carvalhais, Adrian Chappell, Philippe Ciais, Eric A. Davidson, Adien Finzi, Katerina Georgiou, Bertrand Guenet, Oleksandra Hararuk, Jennifer W. Harden, Yujie He, Francesca Hopkins, Lifen Jiang, Charles D. Koven, Robert B. Jackson, Chris D. Jones, Mark J. Lara, Junyi Liang, A. David McGuire, William Parton, Changhui Peng, James T. Randerson, Alejandro Salazar, Carlos A. Sierra, Matthew J. Smith, Hanqin Tian, Katherine E. O. Todd-Brown, Margaret Torn, Kees Jan van Groenigen, Ying Ping Wang, Tristram O. West, Yaxing Wei, William R. Wieder, Jianyang Xia, Xia Xu, Xiaofeng Xu, and Tao Zhou. January 21, 2016. “Toward More Realistic Projections of Soil Carbon Dynamics by Earth System Models.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30(1):40–56. doi:10.1002/2015GB005239.

[84] Peng, S., P. Ciais, G. Krinner, T. Wang, I. Gouttevin, A. D. McGuire, D. Lawrence, E. Burke, X. Chen, C. Delire, C. Koven, A. MacDougall, A. Rinke, K. Saito, W. Zhang, R. Alkama, T. J. Bohn, B. Decharme, T. Hajima, D. Ji, D. P. Lettenmaier, P. A. Miller, J. C. Moore, B. Smith, and T. Sueyoshi. January 20, 2016. “Simulated High-latitude Soil Thermal Dynamics during the Past Four Decades.” The Cryosphere, 10(1):179–192. doi:10.5194/tc-10-179-2016.

[83] Zhu, Qing, William J. Riley, Jinyun Tang, and Charles D. Koven. January 18, 2016. “Multiple Soil Nutrient Competition Between Plants, Microbes, and Mineral Surfaces: Model Development, Parameterization, and Example Applications in Several Tropical Forests.” Biogeosci., 13(1):341–363. doi:10.5194/bg-13-341-2016.

[82] Jiang, Yueyang, Adrian V. Rocha, Edward B. Rastetter, Gaius R. Shaver, Umakant Mishra, Qianlai Zhuang, and Bonnie L. Kwiatkowski. January 1, 2016. “C–N–P Interactions Control Climate Driven Changes in Regional Patterns of C Storage on the North Slope of Alaska.” Landscape Ecol., 31(1):195–213. doi:10.1007/s10980-015-0266-5.

2015

[81] Tang, Jinyun, William J. Riley, and Jie Niu. December 1, 2015. “Incorporating Root Hydraulic Redistribution in CLM4.5: Effects on Predicted Site and Global Evapotranspiration, Soil Moisture, and Water Storage.” J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 7(4):1828–1848. doi:10.1002/2015MS000484.

[80] Georgiou, Katerina, Charles D. Koven, William J. Riley, and Margaret S. Torn. December 1, 2015. “Toward Improved Model Structures for Analyzing Priming: Potential Pitfalls of Using Bulk Turnover Time.” Glob. Change Biol., 21(12):4298–4302. doi:10.1111/gcb.13039.

[79] Kumar, Jitendra, Jon Weiner, William W. Hargrove, Steven P. Norman, Forrest M. Hoffman, and Doug Newcomb. November 17, 2015. “Characterization and classification of vegetation canopy structure and distribution within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park using LiDAR.” In Peng Cui, Jennifer Dy, Charu Aggarwal, Zhi-Hua Zhou, Alexander Tuzhilin, Hui Xiong, and Xindong Wu, editors, Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshops (ICDMW 2015), pages 1478–1485. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Conference Publishing Services (CPS). doi:10.1109/ICDMW.2015.178.

[78] Koven, C. D., E. A. G. Schuur, C. Schädel, T. J. Bohn, E. J. Burke, G. Chen, X. Chen, P. Ciais, G. Grosse, J. W. Harden, D. J. Hayes, G. Hugelius, E. E. Jafarov, G. Krinner, P. Kuhry, D. M. Lawrence, A. H. MacDougall, S. S. Marchenko, A. D. McGuire, S. M. Natali, D. J. Nicolsky, D. Olefeldt, S. Peng, V. E. Romanovsky, K. M. Schaefer, J. Strauss, C. C. Treat, and M. Turetsky. November 13, 2015. “A Simplified, Data-constrained Approach to Estimate the Permafrost Carbon–Climate Feedback.” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 373(2054):20140423. doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0423.

[77] Wang, Shanlin, Scott M. Elliott, Mathew Maltrud, and Philip Cameron-Smith. November 1, 2015. “Influence of Explicit Phaeocystis Parameterizations on the Global Distribution of Marine Dimethyl Sulfide.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 120(11):2158–2177. doi:10.1002/2015JG003017.

[76] Ogunro, Oluwaseun O., Susannah M. Burrows, Scott M. Elliott, Amanda A. Frossard, Forrest M. Hoffman, Robert T. Letscher, J. Keith Moore, Lynn M. Russell, Shanlin Wang, and Oliver W. Wingenter. November 1, 2015. “Global Distribution and Surface Activity of Macromolecules in Offline Simulations of Marine Organic Chemistry.” Biogeochemistry, 126(1–2):25–56. doi:10.1007/s10533-015-0136-x.

[75] Reed, Sasha C., Xiaojuan Yang, and Peter E. Thornton. October 1, 2015. “Incorporating Phosphorus Cycling into Global Modeling Efforts: A Worthwhile, Tractable Endeavor.” New Phytol., 208(2):324–329. doi:10.1111/nph.13521.

[74] Reitsma, K. D., B. H. Dunn, U. Mishra, S. A. Clay, T. DeSutter, and D. E. Clay. September 11, 2015. “Land-use Change Impact on Soil Sustainability in a Climate and Vegetation Transition Zone.” Agron. J., 107:2363–2372. doi:10.2134/agronj15.0152.

[73] Mao, Jiafu, Wenting Fu, Xiaoying Shi, Daniel M. Ricciuto, Joshua B. Fisher, Robert E. Dickinson, Yaxing Wei, Willis Shem, Shilong Piao, Kaicun Wang, Christopher R. Schwalm, Hanqin Tian, Mingquan Mu, Altaf Arain, Philippe Ciais, Robert Cook, Yongjiu Dai, Daniel Hayes, Forrest M. Hoffman, Maoyi Huang, Suo Huang, Deborah N. Huntzinger, Akihiko Ito, Atul Jain, Anthony W. King, Huimin Lei, Chaoqun Lu, Anna M. Michalak, Nicholas Parazoo, Changhui Peng, Shushi Peng, Benjamin Poulter, Kevin Schaefer, Elchin Jafarov, Peter E. Thornton, Weile Wang, Ning Zeng, Zhenzhong Zeng, Fang Zhao, Qiuan Zhu, and Zaichun Zhu. September 8, 2015. “Disentangling Climatic and Anthropogenic Controls on Global Terrestrial Evapotranspiration Trends.” Environ. Res. Lett., 10(9):094008. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/094008.

[72] Koven, C. D., J. Q. Chambers, K. Georgiou, R. Knox, R. Negrón-Juárez, W. J. Riley, V. K. Arora, V. Brovkin, and P. Friedlingstein. September 7, 2015. “Controls on Terrestrial Carbon Feedbacks by Productivity vs. Turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models.” Biogeosci., 12(17):5211–5228. doi:10.5194/bg-12-5211-2015.

[71] Xu, Min and Forrest M. Hoffman. September 4, 2015. “Evaluations of CMIP5 Simulations over Cropland.” Proc. SPIE, 9610:961003–961003-15. doi:10.1117/12.2192586.

[70] LoPresti, Anna, Allison Charland, Dawn Woodard, James T. Randerson, Noah S. Diffenbaugh, and Steven J. Davis. August 28, 2015. “Rate and Velocity of Climate Change Caused by Cumulative Carbon Emissions.” Environ. Res. Lett., 10(9):095001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/095001.

[69] Chen, Yang, James T. Randerson, and Douglas C. Morton. August 16, 2015. “Tropical North Atlantic Ocean–Atmosphere Interactions Synchronize Forest Carbon Losses from Hurricanes and Amazon Fires.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(15):6462–6470. doi:10.1002/2015GL064505.

[68] Zhu, Qing, and William J. Riley. August 1, 2015. “Improved Modelling of Soil Nitrogen Losses.” Nature Clim. Change, 5(8):705–706. doi:10.1038/nclimate2696.

[67] Rawlins, M. A., A. D. McGuire, J. K. Kimball, P. Dass, D. Lawrence, E. Burke, X. Chen, C. Delire, C. Koven, A. MacDougall, S. Peng, A. Rinke, K. Saito, W. Zhang, R. Alkama, T. J. Bohn, P. Ciais, B. Decharme, I. Gouttevin, T. Hajima, D. Ji, G. Krinner, D. P. Lettenmaier, P. Miller, J. C. Moore, B. Smith, and T. Sueyoshi. July 28, 2015. “Assessment of Model Estimates of Land–Atmosphere CO2 Exchange across Northern Eurasia.” Biogeosci., 12(14):4385–4405. doi:10.5194/bg-12-4385-2015.

[66] McCoy, Daniel T., Susannah M. Burrows, Robert Wood, Daniel P. Grosvenor, Scott M. Elliott, Po-Lun Ma, Phillip J. Rasch, and Dennis L. Hartmann. July 17, 2015. “Natural Aerosols Explain Seasonal and Spatial Patterns of Southern Ocean Cloud Albedo.” Sci. Adv., 1(6). doi:10.1126/sciadv.1500157.

[65] Mishra, Umakant, and William J. Riley. July 2, 2015. “Scaling Impacts on Environmental Controls and Spatial Heterogeneity of Soil Organic Carbon Stocks.” Biogeosci., 12(13):3993–4004. doi:10.5194/bg-12-3993-2015.

[64] Negrón-Juárez, Robinson I., Charles D. Koven, William J. Riley, Ryan G. Knox, and J. Q. Chambers. June 22, 2015. “Observed Allocations of Productivity and Biomass, and Turnover Times in Tropical Forests Are Not Accurately Represented in CMIP5 Earth System Models.” Environ. Res. Lett., 10(6):064017. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/6/064017.

[63] Hoffman, Forrest M. June 5, 2015. Quantification and Reduction of Uncertainties Associated with Carbon Cycle–Climate System Feedbacks. Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation, University of California Irvine, Department of Earth System Science, Irvine, California, USA.

[62] Bohn, T. J., J. R. Melton, A. Ito, T. Kleinen, R. Spahni, B. D. Stocker, B. Zhang, X. Zhu, R. Schroeder, M. V. Glagolev, S. Maksyutov, V. Brovkin, G. Chen, S. N. Denisov, A. V. Eliseev, A. Gallego-Sala, K. C. McDonald, M. Rawlins, W. J. Riley, Z. M. Subin, H. Tian, Q. Zhuang, and J. O. Kaplan. June 3, 2015. “WETCHIMP-WSL: Intercomparison of Wetland Methane Emissions Models over West Siberia.” Biogeosci., 12(11):3321–3349. doi:10.5194/bg-12-3321-2015.

[61] Randerson, James T., Keith Lindsay, Ernesto Muñoz, Weiwei Fu, J. Keith Moore, Forrest M. Hoffman, Natalie M. Mahowald, and Scott C. Doney. June 1, 2015. “Multicentury Changes in Ocean and Land Contributions to the Climate–Carbon Feedback.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 29(6):744–759. doi:10.1002/2014GB005079.

[60] Le Quèrè, C., R. Moriarty, R. M. Andrew, G. P. Peters, P. Ciais, P. Friedlingstein, S. D. Jones, S. Sitch, P. Tans, A. Arneth, T. A. Boden, L. Bopp, Y. Bozec, J. G. Canadell, L. P. Chini, F. Chevallier, C. E. Cosca, I. Harris, M. Hoppema, R. A. Houghton, J. I. House, A. K. Jain, T. Johannessen, E. Kato, R. F. Keeling, V. Kitidis, K. Klein Goldewijk, C. Koven, C. S. Landa, P. Landschützer, A. Lenton, I. D. Lima, G. Marland, J. T. Mathis, N. Metzl, Y. Nojiri, A. Olsen, T. Ono, S. Peng, W. Peters, B. Pfeil, B. Poulter, M. R. Raupach, P. Regnier, C. Rödenbeck, S. Saito, J. E. Salisbury, U. Schuster, J. Schwinger, R. Sèfèrian, J. Segschneider, T. Steinhoff, B. D. Stocker, A. J. Sutton, T. Takahashi, B. Tilbrook, G. R. van der Werf, N. Viovy, Y.-P. Wang, R. Wanninkhof, A. Wiltshire, and N. Zeng. May 8, 2015. “Global Carbon Budget 2014.” Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7(1):47–85. doi:10.5194/essd-7-47-2015.

[59] Schuur, E. A. G., A. D. McGuire, C. Schadel, G. Grosse, J. W. Harden, D. J. Hayes, G. Hugelius, C. D. Koven, P. Kuhry, D. M. Lawrence, S. M. Natali, D. Olefeldt, V. E. Romanovsky, K. Schaefer, M. R. Turetsky, C. C. Treat, and J. E. Vonk. April 9, 2015. “Climate Change and the Permafrost Carbon Feedback.” Nature, 520(7546):171–179. doi:10.1038/nature14338.

[58] Drewniak, B. A., U. Mishra, J. Song, J. Prell, and V. R. Kotamarthi. April 9, 2015. “Modeling the Impact of Agricultural Land Use and Management on US Carbon Budgets.” Biogeosci., 12(7):2119–2129. doi:10.5194/bg-12-2119-2015.

[57] Piao, Shilong, Guodong Yin, Jianguang Tan, Lei Cheng, Mengtian Huang, Yue Li, Ronggao Liu, Jiafu Mao, Ranga B. Myneni, Shushi Peng, Ben Poulter, Xiaoying Shi, Zhiqiang Xiao, Ning Zeng, ZhenZhong Zeng, and Yingping Wang. April 1, 2015. “Detection and Attribution of Vegetation Greening Trend in China over the Last 30 Years.” Glob. Change Biol., 21(4):1601–1609. doi:10.1111/gcb.12795.

[56] Koven, Charles D., David M. Lawrence, and William J. Riley. March 24, 2015. “Permafrost Carbon–Climate Feedback Is Sensitive to Deep Soil Carbon Decomposability but Not Deep Soil Nitrogen Dynamics.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 112(12):3752–3757. doi:10.1073/pnas.1415123112.

[55] Anderson-Teixeira, Kristina J., Stuart J. Davies, Amy C. Bennett, Erika B. Gonzalez-Akre, Helene C. Muller-Landau, S. Joseph Wright, Kamariah Abu Salim, Angélica M. Almeyda Zambrano, Alfonso Alonso, Jennifer L. Baltzer, Yves Basset, Norman A. Bourg, Eben N. Broadbent, Warren Y. Brockelman, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, David F. R. P. Burslem, Nathalie Butt, Min Cao, Dairon Cardenas, George B. Chuyong, Keith Clay, Susan Cordell, Handanakere S. Dattaraja, Xiaobao Deng, Matteo Detto, Xiaojun Du, Alvaro Duque, David L. Erikson, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Gunter A. Fischer, Christine Fletcher, Robin B. Foster, Christian P. Giardina, Gregory S. Gilbert, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Gunatilleke, Zhanqing Hao, William W. Hargrove, Terese B. Hart, Billy C. H. Hau, Fangliang He, Forrest M. Hoffman, Robert W. Howe, Stephen P. Hubbell, Faith M. Inman-Narahari, Patrick A. Jansen, Mingxi Jiang, Daniel J. Johnson, Mamoru Kanzaki, Abdul Rahman Kassim, David Kenfack, Staline Kibet, Margaret F. Kinnaird, Lisa Korte, Kamil Kral, Jitendra Kumar, Andrew J. Larson, Yide Li, Xiankun Li, Shirong Liu, Shawn K. Y. Lum, James A. Lutz, Keping Ma, Damian M. Maddalena, Jean-Remy Makana, Yadvinder Malhi, Toby Marthews, Rafizah Mat Serudin, Sean M. McMahon, William J. McShea, Hervé R. Memiaghe, Xiangcheng Mi, Takashi Mizuno, Michael Morecroft, Jonathan A. Myers, Vojtech Novotny, Alexandre A. de Oliveira, Perry S. Ong, David A. Orwig, Rebecca Ostertag, Jan den Ouden, Geoffrey G. Parker, Richard P. Phillips, Lawren Sack, Moses N. Sainge, Weiguo Sang, Kriangsak Sri-ngernyuang, Raman Sukumar, I-Fang Sun, Witchaphart Sungpalee, Hebbalalu Sathyanarayana Suresh, Sylvester Tan, Sean C. Thomas, Duncan W. Thomas, Jill Thompson, Benjamin L. Turner, Maria Uriarte, Renato Valencia, Marta I. Vallejo, Alberto Vicentini, Tomáš Vrška, Xihua Wang, Xugao Wang, George Weiblen, Amy Wolf, Han Xu, Sandra Yap, and Jess Zimmerman. February 1, 2015. “CTFS-ForestGEO: A Worldwide Network Monitoring Forests in an Era of Global Change.” Glob. Change Biol., 21(2):528–549. doi:10.1111/gcb.12712.

[54] Tan, Jianguang, Shilong Piao, Anping Chen, Zhenzhong Zeng, Philippe Ciais, Ivan A. Janssens, Jiafu Mao, Ranga B. Myneni, Shushi Peng, Josep Peñuelas, Xiaoying Shi, and Sara Vicca. January 1, 2015. “Seasonally Different Response of Photosynthetic Activity to Daytime and Night-time Warming in the Northern Hemisphere.” Glob. Change Biol., 21(1):377–387. doi:10.1111/gcb.12724.

[53] Tang, Jinyun, and William J. Riley. January 1, 2015. “Weaker Carbon–Climate Feedbacks Resulting from Microbial and Abiotic Interactions.” Nature Clim. Change, 5(1):56–60. doi:10.1038/nclimate2438.

2014

[52] Zscheischler, Jakob, Markus Reichstein, Jannis von Buttlar, Mingquan Mu, James T. Randerson, and Miguel D. Mahecha. December 28, 2014. “Carbon-cycle Extremes during the 21st Century in CMIP5 Models: Future Evolution and Attribution to Climatic Drivers.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 41(24):8853–8861. doi:10.1002/2014GL062409.

[51] Burrows, S. M., O. Ogunro, A. A. Frossard, L. M. Russell, P. J. Rasch, and S. M. Elliott. December 19, 2014. “A Physically Based Framework for Modeling the Organic Fractionation of Sea Spray Aerosol from Bubble Film Langmuir Equilibria.” Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14(24)13601–13629. doi:10.5194/acp-14-13601-2014.

[50] Lindsay, Keith, Gordon B. Bonan, Scott C. Doney, Forrest M. Hoffman, David M. Lawrence, Matthew C. Long, Natalie M. Mahowald, J. Keith Moore, James T. Randerson, and Peter E. Thornton. December 15, 2014. “Preindustrial-Control and Twentieth-Century Carbon Cycle Experiments with the Earth System Model CESM1(BGC).” J. Clim., 27(24):8981–9005. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00565.1.

[49] Bouskill, Nicholas J., William J. Riley, and Jinyun Tang. December 11, 2014. “Meta-analysis of High-latitude Nitrogen-addition and Warming Studies Implies Ecological Mechanisms Overlooked by Land Models.” Biogeosci., 11(23):6969–6983. doi:10.5194/bg-11-6969-2014.

[48] Frossard, Amanda A., Lynn M. Russell, Susannah M. Burrows, Scott M. Elliott, Timothy S. Bates and Patricia K. Quinn. November 27, 2014. “Sources and Composition of Submicron Organic Mass in Marine Aerosol Particles.” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119(22):12,977–13,003. doi:10.1002/2014JD021913.

[47] Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen, Aaron S. Wolf, Mingquan Mu, Scott C. Doney, Douglas C. Morton, Prasad S. Kasibhatla, John B. Miller, Edward J. Dlugokencky, and James T. Randerson. November 1, 2014. “Separating the Influence of Temperature, Drought, and Fire on Interannual Variability in Atmospheric CO2.” Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 28(11):1295–1310. doi:10.1002/2014GB004890.

[46] Sun, Ying, Lianhong Gu, Robert E. Dickinson, Richard J. Norby, Stephen G. Pallardy, and Forrest M. Hoffman. November 4, 2014. “Impact of Mesophyll Diffusion on Estimated Global Land CO2 Fertilization.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.. doi:10.1073/pnas.1418075111.

[45] Piao, Shilong, Huijuan Nan, Chris Huntingford, Philippe Ciais, Pierre Friedlingstein, Stephen Sitch, Shushi Peng, Anders Ahlström, Josep G. Canadell, Nan Cong, Sam Levis, Peter E. Levy, Lingli Liu, Mark R. Lomas, Jiafu Mao, Ranga B. Myneni, Philippe Peylin, Ben Poulter, Xiaoying Shi, Guodong Yin, Nicolas Viovy, Tao Wang, Xuhui Wang, Soenke Zaehle, Ning Zeng, Zhenzhong Zeng, and Anping Chen. October 16, 2014. “Evidence for a Weakening Relationship between Interannual Temperature Variability and Northern Vegetation Activity.” Nat. Commun., 5. doi:10.1038/ncomms6018.

[44] Carvalhais, Nuno, Matthias Forkel, Myroslava Khomik, Jessica Bellarby, Martin Jung, Mirco Migliavacca, Mingquan Mu, Sassan Saatchi, Maurizio Santoro, Martin Thurner, Ulrich Weber, Bernhard Ahrens, Christian Beer, Alessandro Cescatti, James T. Randerson, and Markus Reichstein. October 9, 2014. “Global Covariation of Carbon Turnover Times with Climate in Terrestrial Ecosystems.” Nature, 514(7521):213–217. doi:10.1038/nature13731.

[43] Mishra, Umakant, and William J. Riley. June 10, 2014. “Active-Layer Thickness across Alaska: Comparing Observation-Based Estimates with CMIP5 Earth System Model Predictions.” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 78(3):894–902. doi:10.2136/sssaj2013.11.0484.

[42] Elliott, S., S. M. Burrows, C. Deal, X. Liu, M. Long, O. Ogunro, L. M. Russell, and O. Wingenter. June 1, 2014. “Prospects for Simulating Macromolecular Surfactant Chemistry at the Ocean–Atmosphere Boundary.” Environ. Res. Lett., 9(6):064012. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/064012.

[41] Deal, Clara J., Nadja Steiner, Jim Christian, Jaclyn Clement Kinney, Ken L. Denman, Scott M. Elliott, Georgina Gibson, Meibing Jin, Diane Lavoie, Sang H. Lee, Warren Lee, Wieslaw Maslowski, Jia Wang, and Eiji Watanabe. April 30, 2014. “Progress and Challenges in Biogeochemical Modeling of the Pacific Arctic Region.” In The Pacific Arctic Region, Jacqueline M. Grebmeier and Wieslaw Maslowski (Editors), Springer Netherlands. doi:10.1007/978-94-017-8863-2_12.

[40] Todd-Brown, K. E. O., J. T. Randerson, F. Hopkins, V. Arora, T. Hajima, C. Jones, E. Shevliakova, J. Tjiputra, E. Volodin, T. Wu, Q. Zhang, and S. D. Allison. April 25, 2014. “Changes in Soil Organic Carbon Storage Predicted by Earth System Models during the 21st Century.” Biogeosci., 11(8):2341–2356. doi:10.5194/bg-11-2341-2014.

[39] Wang, Y. P., B. C. Chen, W. R. Wieder, M. Leite, B. E. Medlyn, M. Rasmussen, M. J. Smith, F. B. Agusto, F. M. Hoffman, and Y. Q. Luo. April 7, 2014. “Oscillatory Behavior of Two Nonlinear Microbial Models of Soil Carbon Decomposition.” Biogeosci., 11(7):1817–1831. doi:10.5194/bg-11-1817-2014.

[38] Zeng, Zhenzhong, Tao Wang, Feng Zhou, Philippe Ciais, Jiafu Mao, Xiaoying Shi, and Shilong Piao. February 16, 2014. “A Worldwide Analysis of Spatiotemporal Changes in Water Balance-based Evapotranspiration from 1982 to 2009.” J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119(3):1186–1202. doi:10.1002/2013JD020941.

[37] Hoffman, Forrest M., James T. Randerson, Vivek K. Arora, Qing Bao, Patricia Cadule, Duoying Ji, Chris D. Jones, Michio Kawamiya, Samar Khatiwala, Keith Lindsay, Atsushi Obata, Elena Shevliakova, Katharina D. Six, Jerry F. Tjiputra, Evgeny M. Volodin, and Tongwen Wu. February 14, 2014. “Causes and Implications of Persistent Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Biases in Earth System Models.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 119(2):141–162. doi:10.1002/2013JG002381.

[36] Loranty, Michael M., Logan T. Berner, Scott J. Goetz, Yufang Jin, and James T. Randerson. February 1, 2014. “Vegetation Controls on Northern High Latitude Snow-albedo Feedback: Observations and CMIP5 Model Simulations.” Glob. Change Biol., 20(2):594–606. doi:10.1111/gcb.12391.

[35] Tang, Jinyun, and William J. Riley. January 23, 2014. “Technical Note: Simple Formulations and Solutions of the Dual-phase Diffusive Transport for Biogeochemical Modeling.” Biogeosci., 11(14):3721–3728. doi:10.5194/bg-11-3721-2014.

[34] Buenning, Nikolaus H., David C. Noone, James T. Randerson, William J. Riley, and Christopher J. Still. January 15, 2014. “The Response of the 18O/16O Content of Atmospheric CO2 to Changes in Environmental Conditions. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 119(1):55–79. doi:10.1002/2013JG002312.

2013

[33] Hugelius, G., J. G. Bockheim, P. Camill, B. Elberling, G. Grosse, J. W. Harden, K. Johnson, T. Jorgenson, C. D. Koven, P. Kuhry, G. Michaelson, U. Mishra, J. Palmtag, C.-L. Ping, J. O’Donnell, L. Schirrmeister, E. A. G. Schuur, Y. Sheng, L. C. Smith, J. Strauss, and Z. Yu. December 23, 2013. “Short Communication: A New Dataset for Estimating Organic Carbon Storage to 3 m Depth in Soils of the Northern Circumpolar Permafrost Region.” Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5(2):393–402. doi:10.5194/essd-5-393-2013.

[32] Tang, Jinyun, and William J. Riley. December 16, 2013. “A Total Quasi-steady-state Formulation of Substrate Uptake Kinetics in Complex Networks and an Example Application to Microbial Litter Decomposition.” Biogeosci., 10(12):8329–8351. doi:10.5194/bg-10-8329-2013.

[31] Tang, Jinyun, and William J. Riley. September 3, 2013. “Impacts of a New Bare-soil Evaporation Formulation on Site, Regional, and Global Surface Energy and Water Budgets in CLM4.” J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5(3):558–571. doi:10.1002/jame.20034.

[30] Mishra, U., J. D. Jastrow, R. Matamala, G. Hugelius, C. D. Koven, J. W. Harden, C. L. Ping, G. J. Michaelson, Z. Fan, R. M. Miller, A. D. McGuire, C. Tarnocai, P. Kuhry, W. J. Riley, K. Schaefer, E. A. G. Schuur, M. T. Jorgenson, and L. D. Hinzman. July 18, 2013. “Empirical Estimates to Reduce Modeling Uncertainties of Soil Organic Carbon in Permafrost Regions: A Review of Recent Progress and Remaining Challenges.” Environ. Res. Lett., 8(3):035020. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035020.

[29] Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen, James T. Randerson, Keith Lindsay, Britton B. Stephens, J. Keith Moore, Scott C. Doney, Peter E. Thornton, Natalie M. Mahowald, Forrest M. Hoffman, Colm Sweeney, Pieter P. Tans, Paul O. Wennberg, and Steven C. Wofsy. July 1, 2013. “Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Variability in the Community Earth System Model: Evaluation and Transient Dynamics During the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries.” J. Clim., 26(13):4447–4475. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00589.1.

[28] Burke, Eleanor J., Chris D. Jones, and Charles D. Koven. July 1, 2013. “Estimating the Permafrost-carbon Climate Response in the CMIP5 Climate Models Using a Simplified Approach.” J. Clim., 26(14):4897–4909. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00550.1.

[27] Koven, Charles D. June 1, 2013. “Boreal Carbon Loss Due to Poleward Shift in Low-carbon Ecosystems.” Nature Geosci., 6(6):452–456. doi:10.1038/ngeo1801.

[26] R. Wania, J. R. Melton, E. L. Hodson, B. Poulter, B. Ringeval, R. Spahni, T. Bohn, C. A. Avis, G. Chen, A. V. Eliseev, P. O. Hopcroft, W. J. Riley, Z. M. Subin, H. Tian, P. M. van Bodegom, T. Kleinen, Z. C. Yu, J. S. Singarayer, S. Zürcher, D. P. Lettenmaier, D. J. Beerling, S. N. Denisov, C. Prigent, F. Papa, and J. O. Kaplan. May 15, 2013. “Present State of Global Wetland Extent and Wetland Methane Modelling: Methodology of a Model Inter-comparison Project (WETCHIMP).” Geosci. Model Dev., 6(3):617–641. doi:10.5194/gmd-6-617-2013.

[25] Shi, Xiaoying, Jiafu Mao, Peter E. Thornton, and Maoyi Huang. April 25, 2013. “Spatiotemporal Patterns of Evapotranspiration in Response to Multiple Environmental Factors Simulated by the Community Land Model.” Environ. Res. Lett., 8(2):024012. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024012.

[24] Yang, Xiaojuan, Wilfred M. Post, Peter E. Thornton, and Atul Jain. April 16, 2013. “The Distribution of Soil Phosphorus for Global Biogeochemical Modeling.” Biogeosci., 10(4):2525–2537. doi:10.5194/bg-10-2525-2013.

[23] Kuhry, P., G. Grosse, J. W. Harden, G. Hugelius, C. D. Koven, C. L. Ping, L. Schirrmeister, and C. Tarnocai. April 1, 2013. “Characterisation of the Permafrost Carbon Pool.” Permafrost Periglac., 24(2):146–155. doi:10.1002/ppp.1782.

[22] Mao, Jiafu, Xiaoying Shi, Peter E. Thornton, Forrest M. Hoffman, Zaichun Zhu, and Ranga B. Myneni. March 21, 2013. “Global Latitudinal-Asymmetric Vegetation Growth Trends and Their Driving Mechanisms: 1982–2009.” Remote Sens., 5(3):1484–1497. doi:10.3390/rs5031484.

[21] Todd-Brown, Kathe E. O., James T. Randerson, Wilfred M. Post, Forrest M. Hoffman, Charles Tarnocai, Edward A. G. Schuur, and Steven D. Allison. March 13, 2013. “Causes of Variation in Soil Carbon Simulations from CMIP5 Earth System Models and Comparison with Observations.” Biogeosci., 10(3):1717–1736. doi:10.5194/bg-10-1717-2013.

[20] Koven, Charles D., William J. Riley, and Alex Stern. March 1, 2013. “Analysis of Permafrost Thermal Dynamics and Response to Climate Change in the CMIP5 Earth System Models.” J. Clim., 26(6):1877–1900. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00228.1.

[19] Tang, Jinyun, and William J. Riley. February 28, 2013. “A New Top Boundary Condition for Modeling Surface Diffusive Exchange of a Generic Volatile Tracer: Theoretical Analysis and Application to Soil Evaporation. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17(2):873–893. doi:10.5194/hess-17-873-2013.

[18] Melton, J. R., R. Wania, E. L. Hodson, B. Poulter, B. Ringeval, R. Spahni, T. Bohn, C. A. Avis, D. J. Beerling, G. Chen, A. V. Eliseev, S. N. Denisov, P. O. Hopcroft, D. P. Lettenmaier, W. J. Riley, J. S. Singarayer, Z. M. Subin, H. Tian, S. Zürcher, V. Brovkin, P. M. van Bodegom, T. Kleinen, Z. C. Yu, and J. O. Kaplan. February 4, 2013. “Present State of Global Wetland Extent and Wetland Methane Modelling: Conclusions from a Model Inter-comparison Project (WETCHIMP).” Biogeosci., 10(2):753–788. doi:10.5194/bg-10-753-2013.

[17] Tang, Jinyun, William J. Riley, Charles D. Koven, and Zack M. Subin. January 29, 2013. “CLM4-BeTR, a Generic Biogeochemical Transport and Reaction Module for CLM4: Model Development, Evaluation, and Application.” Geosci. Model Dev., 6(1):127–140. doi: 10.5194/gmd-6-127-2013.

2012

[16] Bouskill, Nicholas J., Jinyun Tang, William J. Riley, and Eoin L. Brodie. October 18, 2012. “Trait-based Representation of Biological Nitrification: Model Development, Testing, and Predicted Community Composition.” Front. Microbio., 3(364), doi:10.3389/fmicb.2012.00364.

[15] Luo, Yiqi Q., James T. Randerson, Gabriel Abramowitz, Cédric Bacour, Eleanor Blyth, Nuño Carvalhais, Philipe Ciais, D. Dalmonech, Joshua B. Fisher, Rosie Fisher, Pierre Friedlingstein, Kathy Hibbard, Forrest Hoffman, Deborah Huntzinger, Chris D. Jones, Charles Koven, David Lawrence, Dejun Li, Miguel Mahecha, Shuli L. Niu, Richard Norby, Shilong L. Piao, Xiaoguang Qi, Philipe Peylin, I. Colin Prentice, William Riley, Markus Reichstein, Christopher Schwalm, Ying P. Wang, Jianyang Xia, Sönke Zaehle, and X. H. Zhou. October 9, 2012. “A Framework for Benchmarking Land Models.” Biogeosci., 9(10):3857–3874. doi:10.5194/bg-9-3857-2012.

[14] Mishra, Umakant, and William J. Riley. September 20, 2012. “Alaskan Soil Carbon Stocks: Spatial Variability and Dependence on Environmental Factors.” Biogeosci., 9(9):3637–3645. doi:10.5194/bg-9-3637-2012.

[13] Mao, Jiafu, Peter E. Thornton, Xiaoying Shi, Maosheng Zhao, and Wilfred M. Post. August 1, 2012. “Remote Sensing Evaluation of CLM4 GPP for the Period 2000–09.” J. Clim., 25(15):5327–5342. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00401.1.

[12] Harden, Jennifer W., Charles D. Koven, Chien-Lu Ping, Gustaf Hugelius, A. David McGuire, Phillip Camill, Torre Jorgenson, Peter Kuhry, Gary J. Michaelson, Jonathan A. O’Donnell, Edward A. G. Schuur, Charles Tarnocai, Kristopher Johnson, and Guido Grosse. August 1, 2012. “Field Information Links Permafrost Carbon to Physical Vulnerabilities of Thawing.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 39(15):L15704. doi:10.1029/2012GL051958.

[11] Mishra, Umakant, and William J. Riley. July 24, 2012. “Spatial Variability of the Active Layer, Permafrost, and Soil Profile Depth in Alaskan Soils.” in Digital Soil Assessments and Beyond: Proceedings of the 5th Global Workshop on Digital Soil Mapping 2012, edited by Budiman Minasny, Brenda P. Malone and Alex B. McBratney, pp. 83–88, CRC Press. ISBN:978-0-415-62155-7.

[10] Bauerle, William L., Ram Oren, Danielle A. Way, Song S. Qian, Paul C. Stoy, Peter E. Thornton, Joseph D. Bowden, Forrest M. Hoffman, and Robert F. Reynolds. May 29, 2012. “Photoperiodic Regulation of the Seasonal Pattern of Photosynthetic Capacity and the Implications for Carbon Cycling.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 109(22):8612–8617. doi:10.1073/pnas.1119131109.

[9] Xu, Chonggang, Rosie Fisher, Stan D. Wullschleger, Cathy J. Wilson, Michael Cai, and Nate G. McDowell. May 23, 2012. “Toward a Mechanistic Modeling of Nitrogen Limitation on Vegetation Dynamics.” PLoS ONE, 7(5):e37914. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037914.

[8] Huntzinger, D. N., W. M. Post, Y. Wei, A. M. Michalak, T. O. West, A. R. Jacobson, I. T. Baker, J. M. Chen, K. J. Davis, D. J. Hayes, F. M. Hoffman, A. K. Jain, S. Liu, A. D. McGuire, R. P. Neilson, Chris Potter, B. Poulter, David Price, B. M. Raczka, H. Q. Tian, P. Thornton, E. Tomelleri, N. Viovy, J. Xiao, W. Yuan, N. Zeng, M. Zhao, R. Cook. May 10, 2012. “North American Carbon Program (NACP) Regional Interim Synthesis: Terrestrial Biospheric Model Intercomparison.” Ecol. Model., 232:144–157. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.02.004.

[7] Mao, Jiafu, Xiaoying Shi, Peter E. Thornton, Shilong Piao, and Xuhui Wang. January 24, 2012. “Causes of Spring Vegetation Growth Trends in the Northern Mid–high Latitudes from 1982 to 2004.” Environ. Res. Lett., 7(1):14010. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/1/014010.

2011

[6] Schuur, Edward A. G., Benjamin Abbott, and the Permafrost Carbon Network (including Charles D. Koven, William J. Riley, and Zack M. Subin). December 1, 2011. “High Risk of Permafrost Thaw.” Nature, 480(7375):32–33. doi:10.1038/480032a.

[5] Buenning, Nikolaus H., David C. Noone, William J. Riley, Christopher J. Still, and James W. C. White. December 1, 2011. “Influences of the Hydrological Cycle on Observed Interannual Variations in Atmospheric CO18O.” J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 116(G4). doi:10.1029/2010JG001576.

[4] Yang, Xiaojuan, and Wilfred M. Post. October 17, 2011. “Phosphorus Transformations as a Function of Pedogenesis: A Synthesis of Soil Phosphorus Data Using Hedley Fractionation Method.” Biogeosci., 8(10):2907–2916. doi:10.5194/bg-8-2907-2011.

[3] Shi, Xiaojing, Jiafu Mao, Peter E. Thornton, Forrest M. Hoffman, Wilfred M. Post. April 1, 2011. “The Impact of Climate, CO2, Nitrogen Deposition, and Land Use Change on Simulated Contemporary Global River Flow.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 38(8):L08704. doi:10.1029/2011GL046773.

[2] Alexandrov, G. A., D. Ames, G. Bellocchi, M. Bruen, N. Crout, M. Erechtchoukova, A. Hildebrandt, F. Hoffman, C. Jackisch, P. Khaiter, G. Mannina, T. Matsunaga, S. T. Purucker, M. Rivington, and L. Samaniego. March 1, 2011. “Technical Assessment and Evaluation of Environmental Models and Software: Letter to the Editor.” Environ. Modell. Softw., 26(3):328–336. Thematic issue on the assessment and evaluation of environmental models and software. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.08.004.

2010

[1] Mahowald, N. M., S. Kloster, S. Engelstaedter, J. K. Moore, S. Mukhopadhyay, J. R. McConnell, S. Albani, S. C. Doney, A. Bhattacharya, M. A. J. Curran, M. G. Flanner, F. M. Hoffman, D. M. Lawrence, K. Lindsay, P. A. Mayewski, J. Neff, D. Rothenberg, E. Thomas, P. E. Thornton, and C. S. Zender. November 19, 2010. “Observed 20th Century Desert Dust Variability: Impact on Climate and Biogeochemistry.” Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10(22):10875–10893. doi:10.5194/acp-10-10875-2010.